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Pros and Cons of Co-Education

Pros and Cons of Co-Education

One of the ways that European countries have taken to reduce the proportion of financial resources spent on university institutions is to make education co-educational, whether in secondary schools or universities. As this alleviated the pressure that would have been caused by building separate schools for the sexes, many Arab countries later adopted this idea, and from here began the dispute between people about the pros and cons of co-education. What the consequences of this type of education will be in the students’ estimation. Therefore, in this article, we will explain the most prominent advantages and disadvantages in schools and universities.

Advantages of co-education

an illustration that highlights the benefits and importance of co-education in preparing students for real-world interactions and challenges

Many people believe that co-education is important, as all interactions in the outside world, whether work, shopping, etc., involve mixing at the lowest level. It is family to work. Supporters of this opinion say that co-education helps in quickly adapting to these changes. It also makes students take responsibility.

We find that this type of education guarantees the student a good professional future. As he will be ready to deal with the opposite sex, supporters say that it increases the students' confidence and he will overcome shyness.

Students in mixed classes also have an increased level of competition among them. Therefore, their academic achievement scores increase. In addition, co-education reduces the rate of aggression among males and increases the strength of females.

Those who support this system say that it eliminates the idea of ​​inequality between men and women, as the student gets used to the fact that there are no differences between the sexes. They explain that this student will learn cultures and deal with different societies and races, thus opening his awareness.

Co-education from the moral and material aspects

It is the fate of the male or female student to work in a mixed environment. Therefore, getting used to mixing from a young age creates a person who respects and accepts the opposite sex. Merging students into one school also reduces the financial burden required to establish two schools.

This is important in developing or poor countries, where a gender may be deprived of school if a gender segregation law is implemented. Do not underestimate this matter because it is a very important factor in preventing bullying among students.

Disadvantages of co-education

an illustration that explores the contrasting views on co-education, highlighting both the advantages and concerns associated with this approach.

One of the statements of those who oppose the idea of ​​co-education is that it produces scandals in schools and universities that may lead to the disintegration of families and communities. Many clerics have called for the separation of education, but implementing this matter in contemporary reality has become difficult. Surprisingly, there is a book published by Western countries entitled “The West is retreating from co-education.”

It prevents the development of educational institutions to suit the needs of the sex, whether male or female. Separate schools are developed to suit the needs of each sex and thus be more comfortable.

According to a study conducted, it was found that girls who study in separate schools achieved higher grades and excelled more than their counterparts in mixed schools. Most girls in co-ed schools care about their appearance and spend a lot of money and time on it.

Emotional effects: Many students have crushes on the opposite sex in so-called teenage love stories and then things become more complicated. The problems increase until the student becomes depressed or miserable, and it may take a long time until their mental health improves and returns to its previous state.

Students do not feel comfortable during the lesson. When it is mixed, you as a student are forced to see pairs of students sitting next to you. Also, many girls are forced to compete with males, and this may not be preferred by many girls.

Harassment: Many students are exposed to harassment at universities, where a deviant student happens to be sitting next to one of the female students.

Co-education in the opinion of clergy

Many clerics believe that mixing in education is not valid and that it is better to separate. It has been observed that many girls are killed in Arab countries for the purpose of shame, but the matter is not published in this manner. Some tribes are afraid of shame, so they resort to a doctor who determines the cause of death with other, unreal reasons.

In a study conducted by the University of Cambridge on 856 male and female students in Jordan, it was found that the majority of votes support the idea of ​​killing a daughter or sister who disgraces her family.

This matter from the clergy falls under the pretext of blocking pretexts, as co-education is co-educational. This does not mean that lust will ever disappear between students and those who are considered normal human beings, that is, this feeling is natural in them. The more they are exposed to temptation at an early age, the greater their fall into sin.

Society's view of this type of education is very different. Some believe that this generation is very open and aware of things older than its age, as the phone and the Internet are the main factors in this openness. This early knowledge is harmful to the student and society, and therefore mixing is not recommended.

Co-education in universities

an illustration that depicts the complexities and challenges faced by university students in balancing academic achievement and emotional well-being

Is mixing in universities beneficial and does not cause problems in achievement? Do you think that students at this age will not be affected emotionally during education?

It is no secret that when students reach the university level, they have greater awareness and responsibility. However, we find some recklessness and emotional outburst in this segment. Specifically, which makes her focus on finding a life partner and establishing romantic relationships. Even if it is fleeting, some people at this stage think that they are capable enough to bear the responsibility of starting a family. He enters into relationships, appointments, and spends time and money, and this is the biggest obstacle to him during his academic achievement, which negatively affects his psychological state. This is more common in females and may sometimes lead to depression.

Despite all these differences, we all agree that mixing exists in our societies, whether at school, university, the market, or work. The idea of ​​completely preventing mixing is difficult. If the matter is regulated by laws, mixing will not constitute an obstacle to education. These laws are found in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet. A student who lowers his gaze, whether male or female, and wears a respectful uniform, will not face any social, emotional, or academic problems.

Also, dealings between males and females must be based on situations. If they are in an education stage, it should not go beyond the point of laughter, sessions, trips, and things that have nothing to do with education. If they are at work, they must adhere to work tasks only without using words that contain a kind of courtship and familiarity.

Rather, both parties must adhere to seriousness and impartiality in making decisions and not lean towards someone for personal, emotional reasons. Many Western countries establish laws and regulations during work so that women are not exposed to attacks and problems that occur during work.

Last Words

Co-education is one of the things that has been established in many countries. As we mentioned, it has pros and cons, and it is up to the educational institution that can compare these paradoxes and conduct studies in countries to find out the ratio of benefits and harms, and then choose the most appropriate for students. It is also a matter of personal freedom for parents, as they can send their children to mixed or single schools according to each person’s conviction.


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